Women's Health Initiative
The Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) cohort. The WHI is a prospective national health study focused on identifying optimal strategies for preventing chronic diseases that are the major causes of death and disability in postmenopausal women [refs]. The WHI initially recruited 161,808 women between 1993 and 1997 with the goal of including a socio-demographically diverse population with racial/ethnic minority groups proportionate to the total minority population of US women aged 50-79 years. The WHI consists of two major parts: a set of randomized Clinical Trials and an Observational Study. The WHI Clinical Trials (CT; N=68,132) includes three overlapping components, each a randomized controlled comparison: the Hormone Therapy Trials (HT), Dietary Modification Trial, and Calcium and Vitamin D Trial. A parallel prospective observational study (OS; N = 93,676) examined biomarkers and risk factors associated with various chronic diseases. While the HT trials ended in the mid-2000s, active follow-up of the WHI-CT and WHI-OS cohorts has continued for over 25 years, with the accumulation of large numbers of diverse clinical outcomes, risk factor measurements, medication use, and many other types of data.